Urticaria, commonly known as hives, is a skin condition that affects millions of people worldwide. Characterized by itchy, raised welts on the skin, it can be both uncomfortable and frustrating to those who experience it. In this blog, we’ll delve into the intricacies of the condition, exploring its causes, symptoms, and potential treatment options.


What is Urticaria?

It is a skin rash that manifests as red, itchy welts or bumps on the skin. These welts can vary in size and shape and often appear suddenly. The condition is typically caused by an allergic reaction, but it can also be triggered by stress, infections, or certain medications. Urticaria falls into two main categories: acute and chronic.

  1. Acute Urticaria: is a short-term condition that often results from an allergic reaction to food, medication, or insect bites. The welts usually disappear within a few hours to days.
  2. Chronic Urticaria: is a long-term condition where the welts persist for more than six weeks. It may be more challenging to identify the exact cause of chronic urticaria, and it often requires a thorough medical evaluation.
  1. Allergies: One of the most common triggers for hives is an allergic reaction. Foods, medications, pollen, animal dander, and insect stings are among the many potential allergens that can cause hives.
  2. Stress: Emotional stress can contribute to the development of hives. The body’s response to stress can release chemicals that cause the skin to break out in welts.
  3. Infections: Viral or bacterial infections, such as the common cold or urinary tract infections, can sometimes lead to the onset of hives.
  4. Autoimmune Disorders: In some cases, the immune system mistakenly attacks the body’s own tissues, leading to chronic urticaria.


Urticaria. Best Dermatologist in Kolkata.


Symptoms of Urticaria:

The primary symptom of hives is the appearance of raised, red, and itchy welts on the skin. These welts can vary in size and shape and may merge to form larger areas of swelling. In addition to the physical symptoms, individuals with urticaria may also experience anxiety and discomfort due to the persistent itching.

Treatment Options:

  1. Antihistamines: These medications are commonly used to relieve itching and reduce the severity of hives by blocking the action of histamine, a chemical released during an allergic reaction.
  2. Corticosteroids: In more severe cases, oral or topical corticosteroids may be prescribed to reduce inflammation and alleviate symptoms.
  3. Identifying and Avoiding Triggers: For those with chronic urticaria, identifying and avoiding triggers, when possible, is a crucial part of management.
  4. Stress Management: Techniques such as meditation, yoga, and deep breathing exercises can help manage stress and potentially reduce the frequency and severity of urticaria outbreaks.

Living with urticaria can be challenging, but understanding the condition and working closely with healthcare professionals can significantly improve the quality of life for those affected. By identifying triggers, managing stress, and exploring appropriate treatment options, individuals with urticaria can find relief and regain control over their skin health. If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of urticaria, seeking medical advice is the first step towards effective management and relief.

To consult a Dermatologist at Sparsh, call our helpline number 9830117733.





No content on this site, regardless of date, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician.


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