Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease that affects millions of people worldwide. It occurs when the body cannot effectively use insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels. In this blog post, we’ll dive into the causes, symptoms, and treatment strategies to help raise awareness and promote a better understanding of this prevalent health problem.




  • Genetics: Family history plays a significant role in the development of type 2 diabetes. If your parents or siblings have the condition, you may be at higher risk.


  • Lifestyle factors: A sedentary lifestyle, poor dietary choices, and obesity are major contributors to type 2 diabetes. Lack of physical activity and an unhealthy diet can lead to weight gain, insulin resistance and ultimately diabetes.


  • Insulin resistance: The body’s cells can become resistant to the effects of insulin, causing blood sugar levels to rise. This is a key factor in the development of the condition.




  • Increased thirst and hunger: Individuals with the condition may experience excessive thirst and hunger due to the body’s inability to efficiently use glucose for energy.


  • Frequent urination: High blood sugar can lead to increased urine production, causing frequent trips to the bathroom.


  • Fatigue: The inability of cells to take in enough glucose can result in fatigue and low energy levels.


  • Blurred vision: High blood sugar can affect the lens of the eye and cause temporary vision problems.


  • Slow wound healing: People with type 2 diabetes may experience slow wound healing and an increased susceptibility to infections.


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Management strategy:


  • Healthy eating: Eating a balanced and nutritious diet is essential to managing the condition. Emphasize whole grains, fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains while minimizing processed and sugary foods.


  • Regular physical activity: Regular exercise helps improve insulin sensitivity and maintain a healthy weight. Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise per week.


  • Medications and insulin therapy: In some cases, medications or insulin therapy may be prescribed to help control blood sugar levels. It is essential to follow the prescribed treatment plan and go for regular medical check-ups.


  • Blood sugar monitoring: Regular monitoring of blood sugar helps people with type 2 diabetes understand how their lifestyle and medications are affecting their condition.


  • Weight management: Maintaining a healthy weight is critical to managing type 2 diabetes. Even modest weight loss can significantly improve insulin sensitivity.



Type 2 diabetes is a serious and common medical condition, but with the right treatment, individuals can lead healthy and fulfilling lives. By understanding the causes, recognizing the symptoms and taking a proactive approach to lifestyle choices, we can work to effectively prevent and treat type 2 diabetes. Regular medical checkups and collaboration with healthcare professionals are essential parts of a comprehensive diabetes treatment plan.


To consult an Endocrinologist/ Diabetes specialist at Sparsh Diagnostic Centre, call our helpline number 9830117733.





No content on this site, regardless of date, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician.



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