Jaundice is a medical condition characterized by the yellowing of the skin and eyes due to the accumulation of bilirubin in the body. This condition is not a disease in itself but rather a symptom of an underlying issue affecting the liver, gallbladder, or the production of red blood cells. In this blog post, we will delve into the various aspects of jaundice, including its causes, symptoms, and available treatments.

 

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Causes of Jaundice:
Liver Diseases:

 

  • Hepatitis: Inflammation of the liver caused by viral infections (Hepatitis A, B, C).
  • Cirrhosis: Scarring of the liver tissue, often resulting from prolonged liver damage.

 

Bile Duct Disorders:

 

  • Gallstones: Obstruction of the bile ducts due to the presence of stones.
  • Bile duct inflammation: Inflammation in the ducts that carry bile from the liver to the gallbladder.

 

Hemolytic Anemia:

 

  • Increased breakdown of red blood cells, leading to elevated bilirubin levels.

 

Genetic Disorders:

 

  • Gilbert’s syndrome: A hereditary condition affecting bilirubin processing.

 

Medications:

 

  • Certain drugs may contribute to jaundice as a side effect.

 

Symptoms of Jaundice:

 

  • Yellowing of Skin and Eyes: The most common and visible symptom.
  • Dark Urine: Bilirubin is excreted through urine, giving it a dark colour.
  • Pale Stool: Reduced bilirubin excretion in the stool can lead to pale or clay-coloured faeces.
  • Fatigue and Weakness: Due to the underlying cause affecting liver function.
  • Abdominal Pain: Pain or discomfort in the abdominal region may be present, depending on the underlying cause.

 

Treatment Options:

 

Addressing the Underlying Cause: Treatment often focuses on managing the condition responsible for jaundice.

 

Medications:

  • Antiviral drugs for hepatitis.
  • Medications to dissolve gallstones.
  • Corticosteroids for certain liver diseases.

 

Blood Transfusion: In cases of severe haemolytic anemia.

Liver Transplant: In extreme cases where the liver is severely damaged.

 

Prevention:

 

Vaccination: Vaccination against hepatitis viruses can prevent some cases of jaundice.

Healthy Lifestyle: Maintaining a balanced diet and avoiding excessive alcohol consumption can promote liver health.

Regular Check-ups: Monitoring liver function through routine medical check-ups.

 

Jaundice is a visible indicator of an underlying health issue, often related to liver function or red blood cell breakdown. Understanding its causes, recognizing symptoms, and seeking timely medical intervention are crucial for effective management. By adopting a healthy lifestyle and staying vigilant about potential risk factors, individuals can contribute to the prevention of jaundice and its associated complications. If you or someone you know experiences symptoms of jaundice, consulting a Doctor is imperative for accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

 

To get blood tests done from the comforts of your own homes, contact Sparsh Diagnostic Centre on 9830117733.

 

#BhaloTheko

 

Disclaimer:

No content on this site, regardless of date, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician.

 

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3 Replies to “Jaundice”

  1. […] symptoms include fatigue, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, dark urine and jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes). However, symptoms may vary depending on the type and stage of […]

  2. […] problems: Typical symptoms of liver damage are fatigue, jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), abdominal pain and […]

  3. […] Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes) […]

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