Uric acid is a chemical compound that is naturally produced in the human body as a byproduct of the breakdown of purines. It is an important antioxidant, helping to neutralize and eliminate free radicals in the body. However, it can become a concern when its levels in the blood become too high, a condition known as hyperuricemia. High levels can lead to a variety of health problems, including gout, kidney stones, and even kidney disease. In this blog, we will dive into the causes, symptoms and management of excess uric acid and provide you with valuable insights to help you take care of your health and well-being.

 

What causes hyperuricemia /excess uric acid?

 

Uric acid typically dissolves in the blood and is excreted from the body in the urine. However, when the body produces too much uric acid or cannot eliminate it effectively, it builds up and leads to hyperuricemia.

 

Several factors contribute to the development of excess uric acid, including:

 

Diet:

Eating a diet high in purine-rich foods such as organ meats, seafood, red meat, sugary drinks and alcohol can increase uric acid production.

 

Genetics:

Some individuals may have a genetic predisposition to produce higher levels of uric acid.

 

Lifestyle:

A sedentary lifestyle, obesity and lack of regular exercise can contribute to hyperuricemia.

 

Medical conditions:

Certain medical conditions, such as hypertension, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome, can increase uric acid levels.

 

Symptoms of excess uric acid:

 

Initially, hyperuricemia may not cause noticeable symptoms. However, as the disease progresses, the following symptoms may appear:

 

Gout: Severe joint pain, often affecting the big toe, accompanied by redness, swelling and tenderness in the affected area.

 

Kidney stones: Excess uric acid can crystallize and form kidney stones, leading to intense pain, problems urinating and potential complications.

 

Kidney disease: Long-term increases in uric acid levels can stress the kidneys, which can lead to kidney damage and reduced kidney function.

 

Symptoms of hyperuricemia/ Excess Uric Acid

 

Treatment and prevention of hyperuricemia:

 

The good news is that excess uric acid can be managed and even prevented with a few lifestyle changes:

 

Balanced diet: Adopt a low-purine diet by reducing consumption of red meat, organ meats and seafood. Instead, focus on incorporating more fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy into your meals. To read more on low purine diet, refer to the following blog:

 

Diet to reduce Uric Acid

 

Hydration: Drink plenty of water throughout the day to help flush uric acid out of your system and prevent kidney stones from forming.

 

Maintain a healthy weight: If you are overweight, try to achieve and maintain a healthy weight through a combination of a balanced diet and regular physical activity.

 

Limit your intake of alcohol and sugary drinks: Alcohol, especially beer, can increase uric acid levels. Reducing the consumption of alcohol and sugary drinks can be beneficial.

 

Exercise regularly: Regularly engage in moderate physical activity such as walking, swimming or cycling to improve overall health and help regulate uric acid.

 

Medication: In severe cases, a Doctor may prescribe medication to lower uric acid levels or manage related conditions, such as gout.

 

 

Excess uric acid is a common health problem that can lead to significant discomfort and complications if left untreated. By making sensible lifestyle choices, such as eating a balanced diet, staying hydrated, exercising regularly, and maintaining a healthy weight, you can effectively manage and even prevent hyperuricemia. If you are experiencing symptoms of excess uric acid or are concerned about your health, consult a healthcare professional for individual advice and guidance. Prioritizing your health today can lead to a healthier and more fulfilling tomorrow.

 

To get yourself tested for Uric Acid from the comforts of your own homes, call Sparsh Diagnostic Centre’s helpline number 9830117733.

#BhaloTheko

 

Disclaimer:

No content on this site, regardless of date, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician.

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2 Replies to “Hyperuricemia”

  1. […] this initial stage, individuals have elevated levels of uric acid in their blood (hyperuricemia), but they do not experience any noticeable symptoms of gout. At this point, there is an increased […]

  2. […] in the urine, which can contribute to stone formation. 4) Obesity: Excess body weight can lead to high levels of uric acid in the urine, which increases the risk of stone formation. 5) Family history: A genetic […]

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