High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a common medical condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It is a condition where the blood pressure in the arteries is permanently elevated, causing damage to blood vessels and organs such as the heart, brain and kidneys. In this blog we will discuss the causes, symptoms and treatment of hypertension.


Blood Pressure Range


Causes of High Blood Pressure:

It can be caused by a number of factors, including genetics, lifestyle and underlying health conditions. Some of the common causes of high blood pressure are:

  • Genetics: Hypertension can run in families, suggesting that genetic factors may play a role in its development.
  • Lifestyle choices: An unhealthy diet, lack of physical activity, and excessive alcohol consumption can increase the risk of developing hypertension.
  • Age: Blood pressure tends to increase with age, so the risk of developing hypertension increases with age.
  • Underlying medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, kidney disease, and sleep apnea, can also increase your risk of developing hypertension.



In most cases, hypertension does not cause any noticeable symptoms and this is why it is often referred to as the “silent killer”. In some cases, people with hypertension may experience symptoms such as:

  1. Headaches
  2. Dizziness
  3. Stuffiness
  4. Pain in the chest
  5. Nose bleeding

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to see a doctor immediately.


Treatment options:

The goal of treating hypertension is to lower blood pressure to a safe level to prevent organ damage and reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke. There are several treatment options available, including:

Lifestyle changes: Making changes to your diet, increasing your physical activity, and quitting smoking can help lower your blood pressure.

Medications: There are several types of medications to treat hypertension, including diuretics, ACE inhibitors, and beta-blockers.

Surgery: In certain cases, surgery is needed and this may include procedures such as renal denervation or angioplasty.


Tips to reduce High Blood Pressure


Hypertension is a serious medical condition that can lead to serious health problems if left untreated. Fortunately, there are many ways to manage and treat hypertension. By making healthy lifestyle choices and working with your healthcare provider, you can keep your BP under control and reduce your risk of complications. Be sure to check your BP regularly and seek medical attention if you experience any symptoms of hypertension.

To consult a Cardiologist at Sparsh Diagnostic Centre, call our helpline number 9830117733.




No content on this site, regardless of date, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician.


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