Hepatitis E is a viral infection of the liver that, although less common than other forms of Hepatitis, can have serious consequences. This blog aims to shed light on the disease, exploring its causes, symptoms and prevention measures to raise awareness of this often overlooked but significant health problem.


What is Hepatitis E?

It is caused by the Hep E virus (HEV) and mainly affects the liver. This virus is transmitted by consuming contaminated water or food, so it is particularly prevalent in areas with poor sanitation and hygiene practices. While it is not as widespread as Hepatitis A or B, its impact can be serious, especially in developing countries.


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Causes and transmission:

HEV is commonly found in environments with inadequate sanitation facilities. Contaminated water sources, undercooked or raw shellfish, and unsanitary food handling practices contribute to the spread of the virus. In addition, human-to-human transmission can occur, especially in crowded or unsanitary conditions.



Symptoms are similar to other forms of viral Hepatitis and may include:

  • Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes)
  • Fatigue
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dark urine
  • Light stools

It is important to note that some infected individuals may not show symptoms, making it difficult to identify and control the spread of the virus.



Prevention includes adopting good hygiene practices and taking precautions to avoid consuming contaminated food or water. Here are some precautions:


Clean water and sanitation: Ensure access to clean and safe drinking water. Improve sanitation facilities to reduce the risk of contamination.


Safe food handling: Cook meat thoroughly, especially pork and shellfish. Observe proper food handling and hygiene when preparing and eating food.


Vaccination: Hepatitis E vaccines are available in some regions. Check with your healthcare provider to see if vaccination is recommended based on your location and risk factors.


Hand hygiene: Wash your hands regularly with soap and water, especially before eating or preparing food and after using the toilet.


Avoiding raw shellfish: Refrain from eating raw or undercooked shellfish as they can be a source of Hepatitis E transmission.



While Hepatitis E may not receive as much attention as other forms of Hepatitis, it remains a significant health problem, especially in areas with poor sanitation. By understanding the causes, symptoms and preventative measures associated with Hepatitis E, we can work together to minimize its impact and ensure a healthier future for communities around the world. Prioritizing public health initiatives, raising awareness, and promoting hygiene practices are essential to reduce the incidence of Hepatitis E and improve overall well-being.


To get tested and treated for Hepatitis at Sparsh Diagnostic Centre, call our helpline number 9830117733.





No content on this site, regardless of date, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician.


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