Hemorrhoids, commonly known as piles, are swollen veins in the lowest part of your rectum and anus. Sometimes the walls of these blood vessels stretch so thin that the veins bulge and get irritated, especially during bowel movements. Hemorrhoids are a common condition and can cause a lot of discomfort if not managed properly. This blog aims to shed light on the causes, symptoms, and available treatment options for hemorrhoids.


What Are Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are classified into two categories: internal and external. Internal hemorrhoids are located inside the rectum and are usually not visible. They rarely cause discomfort but can sometimes lead to bleeding during bowel movements. External hemorrhoids, on the other hand, are found under the skin around the anus and can cause significant pain and itching.



Several factors can contribute to the development of hemorrhoids, including:

  1. Straining during bowel movements: This is often due to constipation or diarrhea.
  2. Sitting for prolonged periods: This can increase pressure on the veins in the rectal area.
  3. Chronic constipation or diarrhea: Both conditions can lead to excessive straining.
  4. Obesity: Excess weight can increase pressure on the pelvic veins.
  5. Pregnancy: The growing uterus puts pressure on the veins.
  6. Low-fiber diet: A diet low in fiber can lead to constipation, increasing the risk of hemorrhoids.
  7. Heavy lifting: Regularly lifting heavy objects can put a strain on the rectal veins.



Common symptoms of hemorrhoids include:

  • Pain or discomfort: This is especially common with external hemorrhoids.
  • Itching or irritation: In the anal region.
  • Swelling: Around the anus.
  • Bleeding: You might notice small amounts of bright red blood on your toilet tissue or in the toilet bowl.
  • A lump near the anus: This can be sensitive or painful.


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Hemorrhoids are usually diagnosed through a physical examination. Your doctor might perform a digital rectal exam or use an anoscope to get a closer look at the internal hemorrhoids. In some cases, a colonoscopy may be recommended to rule out other conditions.


Treatment Options

There are several treatment options available for hemorrhoids, depending on their grades/severity:

  1. Lifestyle and Home Remedies:
    • Dietary changes: Increase your fiber intake with fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
    • Hydration: Drink plenty of water to soften your stool.
    • Exercise: Regular physical activity can help prevent constipation.
    • Avoid straining: Go to the bathroom as soon as you feel the urge.
    • Topical treatments: Over-the-counter creams, ointments, and suppositories can provide temporary relief.
  2. Medical Procedures:
    • Rubber band ligation: A rubber band is placed around the base of the hemorrhoid to cut off circulation, causing it to wither and fall off.
    • Sclerotherapy: A chemical solution is injected into the hemorrhoid to shrink it.
    • Coagulation: Laser or infrared light is used to harden and shrink the hemorrhoid.
  3. Surgical Options:
    • Hemorrhoidectomy: Surgical removal of hemorrhoids is done in severe cases.
    • Stapled hemorrhoidopexy: A stapling instrument is used to remove hemorrhoidal tissue and reposition the remaining tissue.



Preventing hemorrhoids involves maintaining healthy bowel habits and lifestyle choices. Some preventive measures include:

  • Eating a high-fiber diet: Helps prevent constipation and straining.
  • Staying hydrated: Keeps stools soft and easier to pass.
  • Regular exercise: Promotes regular bowel movements.
  • Avoiding prolonged sitting or standing: Reduces pressure on the rectal veins.

Hemorrhoids can be an uncomfortable and sometimes painful condition, but they are usually manageable with lifestyle changes, home remedies, and medical treatments. If you experience symptoms of hemorrhoids, it’s important to consult with a doctor to determine the best course of action for relief and management. By understanding the causes, recognizing the symptoms, and knowing the treatment options, you can take proactive steps to alleviate discomfort and improve your overall quality of life.


To consult a Gastroenterologist at Sparsh Diagnostic Centre, call our helpline number 9830117733.





No content on this site, regardless of date, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician.

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2 Replies to “Hemorrhoids”

  1. […] Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, are swollen veins in the lower rectum and anus. They can cause discomfort, itching, and bleeding. Understanding the different grades of hemorrhoids is crucial for effective treatment and management. This guide will help you comprehend hemorrhoid grades and symptoms of hemorrhoids, making it easier to recognize and address them. […]

  2. […] bleeding, the mind often races with worry. Two common conditions that can cause these symptoms are hemorrhoids and colorectal cancer. Despite their similarities in presenting symptoms, they are vastly different […]

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