Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral infection and continues to be a major global health problem.

With its prevalence in tropical and subtropical regions, dengue affects millions of people every year.

In this blog post, we will explore the causes, symptoms, prevention strategies, and available treatment options for dengue fever to raise awareness and promote effective measures to combat the disease.

 

What is dengue and how is it transmitted?

It is a viral disease caused by the dengue virus, which is primarily transmitted to humans by the bite of infected mosquitoes of the genus Aedes, especially the species Aedes aegypti. These mosquitoes are most active during the day, especially in the early morning and late afternoon.

 

Symptoms of Dengue:

 

Symptoms can vary from mild to severe and early recognition is important for early intervention. Common signs and symptoms include high fever, severe headache, joint and muscle pain, rash, nausea, vomiting and, in severe cases, dengue hemorrhagic fever or dengue shock syndrome.

Dengue Symptoms

 

Diagnosis and treatment:

If you suspect dengue fever, it is essential to seek medical attention for proper diagnosis. Doctors may perform a physical exam, ask about symptoms, and order blood tests to detect the presence of the dengue virus. Treatment focuses on relieving symptoms, managing complications, and providing supportive care, including rest, hydration, and pain relief. Severe cases may require hospitalization for close monitoring and intravenous fluids.

 

Prevention strategies:

Prevention plays a vital role in controlling dengue transmission. Here are some effective prevention strategies:

 

  1. Elimination of mosquito breeding sites: Mosquitoes that transmit the virus breed in stagnant water. Therefore, it is crucial to remove standing water from containers, regularly change water in flower vases, cover water containers and ensure proper drainage.
  2. Use of mosquito repellents: Apply insect repellents containing DEET, picaridin, or IR3535 to exposed skin. Long-sleeved clothing and the use of insecticide-treated bed nets can provide additional protection.
  3. Mosquito Precautions: Use window and door screens, install mosquito nets over beds, and consider using mosquito traps or indoor residual spray in high-risk areas.
  4. Community involvement: Raising awareness about dengue and encouraging community participation in mosquito control efforts, such as clean-up campaigns, can help prevent the spread of the virus.

 

How to fight Dengue

 

 

Dengue Prevention

The role of vaccination:

While there is currently no specific antiviral treatment, recent advances have led to the development of vaccines. Dengue vaccines can provide partial protection against the disease, especially in severe cases. However, availability and recommendations for vaccination may vary from country to country, and Doctors should be consulted for up-to-date information.

 

Dengue is a significant health risk in many parts of the world. Understanding its causes, symptoms, prevention strategies and available treatments is essential for individuals and communities. By introducing effective preventive measures and supporting early diagnosis and treatment, we can minimize the impact and work towards its eventual eradication. Together, we can fight this global health challenge and create a safer environment for all.

 

Remember, if you suspect you have dengue fever or any other medical condition, it is always best to consult a doctor for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Stay informed, take precautions and help spread awareness to protect yourself and those around you.

Sparsh Diagnostic Centre can collect samples from the comforts of your own home. To organise a test, please call our helpline number 9830117733.

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Disclaimer:

No content on this site, regardless of date, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician.

 

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