Breast cancer is a type of cancer that forms in the cells of the breast. It is the second most common cancer in women worldwide and can occur in both men and women, although it is much more common in women.

Breast Cancer usually starts in the milk ducts, which are the thin tubes that carry milk from the lobules (small glands that produce milk) to the nipple. However, it can also start in the lobules themselves or in other breast tissues.

Symptoms of Breast Cancer:

Symptoms may include a lump in the breast or armpit, changes in breast size or shape, nipple discharge, and breast pain. However, some people may have no symptoms at all.

Types of Breast Cancer:

There are different types of breast cancer, including ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC), invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC), and inflammatory breast carcinoma (IBC). DCIS is a non-invasive type that is confined to the milk ducts. IDC is the most common type and has spread beyond the milk ducts into the surrounding breast tissue. ILC is a type that starts in the lobules and has spread to the surrounding breast tissue. IBC is a rare but aggressive type that usually presents with redness and swelling of the breast.

Risk factors:

Risk factors include being a woman, being older, having a family history of breast cancer, having certain gene mutations (such as BRCA1 or BRCA2), having dense breast tissue, and having had radiation therapy to the chest.

Tests:

There are several diagnostic tests that can be used for detection, including mammography, ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and biopsy. Treatment options depend on the stage and type of cancer, as well as the patient’s overall health. Treatment options may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and hormone therapy.

Breast cancer can be a scary and overwhelming diagnosis, but there are many resources available to help patients and their loved ones through this difficult journey. It is important for people to be proactive about their breast health by performing monthly breast self-exams, regular clinical breast exams and following recommended screening guidelines. Early detection and treatment can greatly improve the chances of a successful outcome.

 

Symptoms of Breast Cancer Ways to reduce breast cancer risk

 

To get tested at Sparsh Diagnostic Centre, call our helpline number 9830117733.

#BhaloTheko

 

Disclaimer:

No content on this site, regardless of date, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician.

Loading

One Reply to “Breast Cancer”

  1. […] in evaluating breast abnormalities like lumps, cysts, or calcifications. It assists in identifying breast cancer, fibroadenomas, phyllodes tumors, ductal carcinomas, and […]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This field is required.

This field is required.